Types of Camera Lenses that You Should Know About
There are many factors that can determine the quality of the photographs you take – one of them being the lenses you use. However, even if you are a veteran in the photography industry, you might be unfamiliar with the different types of camera lenses available and how they can affect the photos you take.
Different types of lenses provide you with more options when it comes to perspectives and compositions. As there is no single lens that is perfect for all situations, there are several factors that you should consider when you shop for camera lenses. You should think about the subject you want to shoot, the possible lighting conditions at your shooting location, and the style of photography you plan to take. You should also take your budget into consideration because these lenses range from affordable to very costly, so you might overspend if you are not careful.
Common Types of Camera Lens
Although it might seem that there is an overwhelming number of camera lens on the market, they can actually be grouped into several categories:
The lens that usually comes with your Nikon or Canon DSLR camera purchase is a standard lens, which has a mid-range focal length usually around 18-55mm. They usually have a fixed focal length and wide apertures, making them ideal for taking low-light shots. They are the most commonly used type of lens as they are suitable for a wide range of photography styles, including landscapes, portraits, and candids.
If you are looking for a lens to take close-ups of subjects, then a macro lens is your best choice. They have a different internal structure from normal lenses, thus enabling them to provide better sharpness and contrast which leads to eye-catching photos. Macro lenses are usually great at taking subjects like insects, animals, and plants at very close range, but you can also use it to take extremely detailed photos of everyday items as well.
If you see a camera that looks like a weapon, then it most likely installed with a telephoto lens. These lenses have a long focal length and a high level of magnification, allowing photographers to snap subjects that are located at moderate and far distances. These lenses are ideal for situations where you are unable to move near to the subject, such as for wildlife photography and sporting events.
Its name is pretty much self-explanatory; a wide-angle lens allows photographers to gain a wider field of view to ensure that you can fit more in the frame. This means they are great for photographing landscapes and subjects that will not fit in the field of view of a normal lens.